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[Q] What is a Targeted Employment Area (TEA) concept?

It's refers to either a rural area or a geographical area that has experienced unemployment rate of at least 150% of the national average unemployment rate. Of the 10,000 immigrant visas available for investors, 3,000 are set aside for TEA EB-5 cases. In the regulations, TEA is defined as:

A TEA is a geographic area or political subdivision set within a metropolitan statistical area OR inside a city or town with a population of more than 20,000 and an unemployment level at least 150 percent of the national unemployment rate. Governors identify and designate TEAs within a state (except the District of Columbia , where the mayor makes the designation). A typically seeks to include one or more TEAs, which within a large city are those delineated census track areas, identified according to measured population unemployment rates within these locations.

The significance of TEA is that only $500,000 USD investment is required instead of $1 Million USD investment.